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The southernmost hill of Rome, overlooking the Tiber. Temples here included those dedicated to Diana and to Juno Regina. Until ad 49 the hill lay outside the pomerium. The temple of Ceres, Liber (see liber pater), and Libera was headquarters of the plebeian aediles; the hill itself was ager publicus given to the plebs for settlement in 456, and it remained a cosmopolitan centre of popular politics under the late republic. Gaius Sempronius Gracchus, perhaps imitating the second secession, was besieged here in 121. Under the empire, however, it became principally a centre of élite housing. To the SW lay the Emporium and Monte Testaccio, a huge mound of broken amphorae.

Subjects: Classical Studies.

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