Aventine Secession

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Benito Mussolini (1883—1945) Italian Fascist statesman, Prime Minister 1922–43


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(Italy; 1924–6)

A term derived from the withdrawal of the Roman population to the Aventine Hills in protest against the Patriciate in 493 bc. It denotes the anti-Fascist parliamentary opposition to Mussolini of around 100 parliamentary deputies who left their seats on 27 June 1924 in protest against the Fascist assassination of Matteotti. However, the parliamentarians failed to persuade the King to take action against Mussolini, who responded by annulling their seats, forcing their leaders to emigrate, and outlawing the participating opposition parties.

Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).

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