A red rock mass in Northern Territory, Australia, south-west of Alice Springs, the largest monolith in the world.
In 1980 it was the site of a famous mystery, the disappearance of a nine-week-old girl said to have been carried off by a dingo; the child's body was never found, and although her mother was tried and convicted of her murder in 1982, the verdict was later quashed. In 1995 an inquest concluded that an open verdict was the only possible finding.
Ayers Rock is named after Sir Henry Ayers, Premier of South Australia in 1872–3. It is officially known by its Aboriginal name Uluru.