Abū al-Kalām Āzād

(1888—1958) politician and author

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(d. 1958)

Indian Islamic thinker. Received a traditional Islamic education and was considered a child prodigy. As a journalist in Calcutta, argued that Muslim nonviolent resistance against the British was a religious duty. Eventually joined forces with Gandhi. Was imprisoned by the British numerous times; spent one-seventh of his life in prison. Served as president of the All-India National Congress (1940). In 1947 joined the Indian government as minister of education and later as vice president.

See also Tarjuman al-Quran

Subjects: Islam.

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