A late Upper Palaeolithic industry of northern Spain and southwest France dating to the period 9000 to 8000bc named after the site of Le Mas d'Azil near Toulouse on the French side of the Pyrenees. The industry is characterized by microlithic tools, notably the so‐called Azilian point, which is a kind of double‐pointed backed blade. Flat perforated and barbed harpoons of red‐deer antler are also known. Azilian communities also had small schist pebbles covered in red dots or stripes. Of unknown purpose, such objects are also found amongst the material culture of communities further east in Italy and Switzerland.