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(Verdi: Il trovatore). Mez. A gypsy woman living in a gypsy encampment in Biscay. Her mother was burnt as a witch for putting the evil eye on the younger son of the old Count di Luna. Azucena snatched the Count's other son. She threw a baby on to her mother's funeral pyre, but she was demented and it is not known if she threw the noble baby or her own son. She tells Manrico that he is her son and nurses him when he is wounded in battle by the young Count di Luna. Manrico and Azucena are both arrested and she is made to watch Manrico's execution. She then reveals that it was her own child she threw on the pyre many years ago, so di Luna has executed his own brother. Aria (in which she tells how her mother died): Stride la vampa! (‘Upwards roll the flames’) (the famous Anvil Chorus surrounds Azucena's solo); duets (with Manrico): Non son tuo figlio? (‘Then am I not your son?’); Ai nostri monti ritorneremo (‘Let us go back to our mountains’). Created (1853) by Emilia Goggi.

Subjects: Opera.

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