(b Paris, 1724; d Paris, 13 April 1806). French painter, writer and administrator. In 1752 he was made artistic director of the Manufacture de Vincennes, and he was Directeur of the Manufacture de Sèvres from the factory's move there in 1756 until 1793. He exercised considerable influence on the porcelain industry: under his direction chinoiseries were abandoned and replaced by birds and bouquets of flowers. In addition to his responsibility for painting, he twice assumed responsibility for modelling (1751-7 and 1766-74), and seems to have been the first person to use Biscuit for statuettes and busts.
From The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design.