An award conferred for the successful completion of undergraduate level studies in education. Following the recommendation in the Robbins Report (1963) that all teachers should be graduates, teacher training courses leading to Certificates in Education were largely phased out and replaced, in universities and colleges of higher education, by courses leading to a B.Ed. for teachers in the primary and secondary sectors. Entry requirements usually include English and mathematics at General Certificate of Secondary Education grade C or above, and two General Certificate of Education Advanced Level passes. As well as covering educational theory, national curriculum, and specialist subjects, these full‐time courses for student teachers also require participants to undertake substantial periods of practical teaching practice within schools, the assessment of which contributes towards their assessment for their final degree.
Some universities and higher education institutions also offer part‐time B.Ed. courses for teachers already in employment who hold a Certificate of Education but wish to upgrade their qualification. To accommodate teachers' working lives, such courses usually involve evening or weekend attendance, and are aimed at professionals engaged in teaching or training in the tertiary sector, the health service, social services, police, and armed forces, as well as teachers in schools.