Gideon Bacher

(fl. 1585—1619)

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(b Ulm; fl 1585; bur Neuburg an der Donau, 1 Oct 1619). German architect–builder. In 1585 he built the towers that give the essential character to Schloss Ratibor at Roth, near Schwabach in Middle Franconia. He is known to have collaborated with Caspar Wallberger (d 1578) and his son Wolfgang Wallberger (c. 1546–1622) in work on the town gates of Nördlingen in Swabia, and before 1590 he was involved in the construction of Hochburg (destr.) in South Baden. From 1587 Bacher was master builder to the Margraves of Ansbach in Franconia, where he was engaged in collaboration with Blasius Berwart I (see Berwart, (1)) in converting the old castle into the Margraves’ palace (destr. 1710) in a German Renaissance idiom; in 1596–7 Bacher built a summer house and opera house (destr. 1667) in the palace garden. The Eybhof (1593) at 10 Johann-Sebastian-Bach-Platz, Ansbach, an example of middle-class domestic architecture, was followed by the Margraves’ chancellery (1594), a building with an arcaded courtyard, a tall scroll pediment and a façade with sgraffito decoration in the form of rusticated window-frames—a feature characteristic of Bacher but unusual in Franconia. In 1594–7 Bacher added a broad, octagonal central tower to the Late Gothic west façade of St Gumbertus, Ansbach; it stands above two rusticated storeys, the Renaissance styling of which contrasts strangely with the Gothic tracery of the large, round-headed windows. He also produced plans (c. 1594) for the residential palace, the Altes Schloss (rebuilt after a fire in 1753), Bayreuth, Upper Franconia.


From The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Renaissance Art.