A common diagnostic and therapeutic problem in occupational and family medicine, which causes much discomfort and lost time from work and costs industry and insurers heavily. This ill-defined condition is a significant clinical and public health problem. Workers required to move heavy weights often sustain muscle and ligament strains and sprains, and it is not uncommon for pain to persist for months or even years. Education and training on ergonomic ways to lift heavy weights can help to reduce the problem. Precise diagnosis may be elusive and may be complicated by the occurrence of backache as a feature of malingering. There may be little or no physical evidence on radiological or other examination, but the pain and stiffness can be debilitating. Women with similar symptoms may have their condition attributed to a gynecological cause, and persons of both sexes may be unjustly accused of malingering.
Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology.