Baden Culture

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Final Copper Age communities living in central Europe, especially Poland, the Czech Republic, Austria, Hungary, and parts of Germany in the early and mid 3rd millennium bc. The early phase of the Baden Culture (c.2750–2450bc) equates with the Bolzeráz Culture of the Hungarian Plain, while in the middle and later phases (c.2600–2200bc) there is greater similarity of material culture over a wider area. The settlements are generally dispersed with thin occupation layers. Metal tool types include axe‐hammers and torcs of twisted copper wire. The pottery is usually plain and dark in colour, sometimes with channelled decoration and moulded handles. Domestic horses are represented, and carts running on four solid disc wheels were introduced. The presence of ceramic vessels tentatively identified with milk processing, draft animals, and evidence for spinning suggests that the economy of these communities includes strong elements of the Secondary Products Revolution.

Subjects: Archaeology.

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