(b Haarlem, 20 Feb. 1633; bur. The Hague, 8 Mar. 1702). Dutch painter, one of his country's most successful portraitists in the later 17th century. He was a pupil of Jacob Backer, but van Dyck's works were the main influence on his elegant style. In 1660 he settled in The Hague and there became the leading portrait painter of the House of Orange. He also worked for Charles II of England (he probably visited England in the early 1660s) and Frederick William I, Elector of Brandenburg (who tried unsuccessfully to persuade him to move to Berlin), but for patriotic reasons he refused a commission from Louis XIV of France in 1672.
From The Oxford Dictionary of Art in Oxford Reference.