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The presence of bacteria in the blood, which is always abnormal as blood is usually a sterile environment. It can be a sign of infection but may also be transient following dental procedures such as root planing or tooth extraction, or as a result of tooth brushing, flossing, or chewing. The condition is detected by blood culture in a microbiology laboratory and is treated with antibiotics. Antibiotic prophylaxis can be administered where contamination of the blood is anticipated.

Subjects: Dentistry.

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