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The estate manager of the lord of the manor in England from the 11th century. The word ‘bailiff’ gradually shifted its meaning and in the later Middle Ages, when lords more commonly let out their manors to farmers, the bailiff was one of the lesser officials of the sheriff. Farmers and urban landlords also employed him as a rent-collector, knowing that his legal skills could be drawn on in cases of non-payment.

Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

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