Matthew Baillie was born in Shots, Lanarkshire on 27 October 1761 and died in Duntisbourne, Gloucestershire on 23 September 1823. His father John was a minister, later to be Professor of Divinity at Glasgow University, his mother was Dorothea Hunter, sister of William Hunter and John Hunter. Matthew studied arts at Glasgow University between 1773 and 1779 when, with the help of his uncle William, he won a Snell Exhibition to Balliol College, Oxford. He received a BM degree in 1786 and an MD in 1789. However, Baillie remained full time at the university for only his first year; that summer he travelled to London and thereafter spent the majority of his time learning anatomy at Hunter's school. Baillie was an apt pupil – after only two years of study, he was appointed demonstrator – and became his uncle's favourite; on Hunter's death in 1783 Baillie was left his house and school and was granted the use of his anatomy collection for thirty years, after which it transferred to Glasgow University. Baillie also edited and wrote the commentaries for Hunter's great work The Anatomy of the Gravid Uterus.
From The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy in Oxford Reference.