(1866–1951) has become an increasingly represented figure in the women's movement. Born in Birmingham, she began work in a factory at 11, and later joined the Independent Labour Party and the temperance movement. A mother of five by 1899, Baines became an organiser in the women's suffrage movement of the Pankhursts. Frequently imprisoned, she went on several hunger-strikes. Adopting a pseudonym, she fled to Melbourne with her family in 1913. Soon she was working for the Women's Political Association and supported Vida Goldstein's candidature for the federal electorate of Kooyong (Victoria). Baines also joined the Victorian Socialist Party and was co-founder of the Women's Peace Army. She went on a hunger-strike when gaoled for refusing to pay a fine imposed for displaying a red flag during World War I. A special Federal Cabinet meeting released her and she continued to work in the labour movement.
From The Oxford Companion to Australian History in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: Australasian and Pacific History.