English artist who traveled with David Livingstone's Zambezi expedition. John Thomas Baines was born on November 27, 1820, in King's Lynn, Norfolk, England. His father, a master mariner and amateur artist, married the daughter of a painter and decorator. His younger sister Emma studied art in London, while Thomas was encouraged as a boy in drawing, painting, and sculpture by his maternal grandfather. He was apprenticed for five years to an ornamental painter after which, in 1842, he traveled steerage to Cape Town where he began to practice his art commercially. In 1848, he joined an ox trek north to the Orange River and gained his first experience of travel into the interior, sketching and painting. In 1851 he enlisted as an artist with the British army in the Kaffir War (Cape Frontier War) of 1850–1853, before returning to England.
From The Oxford Companion to World Exploration in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: World History.