Overview

Howard Baker

(b. 1925)


Related Overviews

Everett McKinley Dirksen (1896—1969)

Sam Ervin, Jr. (1896—1985)

Gerald Ford (1913—2006) American Republican statesman, 38th President of the US 1974–7

Jimmy Carter (b. 1924) American Democratic statesman, 39th President of the US 1977–81

See all related overviews in Oxford Index » »

 

'Howard Baker' can also refer to...

Howard Baker (1905—1990)

Baker, Howard (1905 –90)

Howard Baker (1925)

Baker, Howard (1905–90)

Howard H. Baker Jr. (1925– )

Baker, Howard Henry, Jr. (15 Nov. 1925)

Baker, Howard Henry, Jr. (15 Nov. 1925)

Baker, Howard Henry, Jr. (15 Nov. 1925)

BAKER, Howard Henry, Jr (1925 - 2014), Senior Counsel, Baker, Donelson, Bearman, Caldwell & Berkowitz, PC, since 2005; Senior Advisor, Citigroup, since 2005

BAKER, Piers Howard Burton (born 1956), HM Diplomatic Service, retired; Clerk, Tin Plate Workers’ alias Wire Workers’ Company, since 2012

SHARP, Kenneth (Johnston) (1926 - 2009), Partner, Baker, Tilly & Co. (formerly Howard, Tilly), Chartered Accountants, 1983–89

J. Lee Annis, Jr. Howard Baker: Conciliator in an Age of Crisis. Lanham, Md.: Madison Books. 1995. Pp. viii, 277. $27.95

Beyond the Bible: Moving from Scripture to Theology. By I. Howard Marshall, with essays by Kevin J. Vanhoozer and Stanley E. Porter. Pp. 136. (Acadia Studies in Bible and Theology.) Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2004. isbn 0 8010 2775 6. Paper. N.p

BUTTON, Howard (Stransom) (1873 - 1943), Alderman, City of London for Ward of Tower; one of HM’s Lieutenants and Commissioner of Assize, City of London; DL, JP County Middlesex; Alderman Middlesex County Council; Chairman Central Valuation Committee; Member Cinematograph Advisory Committee; Hon. Col 61st (Middlesex) AA Regt, RA; Military Member Middlesex Territorial Army and Air Force Association and Chairman Buildings Committee; General Commissioner Income Tax; Freeman of City of London; Member Court of Assistants, Guild of Freemen, Renter Warden Worshipful Company of Gardeners; Member of Court Worshipful Companies of Bakers, Broderers and Paviors; Vice-President, United Wards Club and President, City Livery Club; President, National Fire Brigades Association (South Midland District); Member Governing Body, University College School; Chairman Alfred Button & Sons, Ltd, and Associated Companies; Director County Fire Office, Ltd, Uxbridge Maidenhead and Wycombe and District Gas Co. and Ascot Gas Co.; Warden for Middlesex King George’s Jubilee Trust; Member King George’s National Memorial Fund Committee and King George’s Fields Foundation; Member, London Court of Arbitration; Officer of Order of St John of Jerusalem; Life Member, Royal Society of St George

 

More Like This

Show all results sharing this subject:

  • Politics

GO

Show Summary Details

Quick Reference

(b. Huntsville, Tennessee, 15 Nov. 1925)

US; US Senator 1967–85, Senator majority leader 1981–5 Baker came from a family long involved in politics. His father, Howard H. Baker, Sr., served in the US House of Representatives 1951–64, and on his death was succeeded by Baker's mother, Ira Baker, 1964–5. Baker married the daughter of Senator Everett Dirksen. Following service in the Navy in the Second World War, he took a BA at Tulane University in New Orleans and studied law at the University of Tennessee. He practised law in Tennessee and in 1966 was elected to the US Senate.

He won national attention as a prominent member of the Ervin Committee investigating the Watergate affair in 1973. In 1976 President Ford considered him as a vice-presidential candidate. If selected, he might have tipped the balance in Ford's favour in the very close presidential election of 1976 by gaining Tennessee and other states in the upper South which Ford lost to Jimmy Carter. Had he become vice-president in 1976, he would have been a strong candidate to succeed Ford as President in 1980. But instead Ford chose Robert Dole as vice-presidential candidate in 1976 and lost the election, and in 1980 Baker's bid for the Republican nomination for President made little headway against the successful candidate, Ronald Reagan. With the Republican victory in the Senate elections in 1980, he became Senate Majority Leader. He played an important role in arranging compromises which secured the passage of the legislative programme of Reagan's first term. In 1984 Baker decided not to run for re-election. Following the Iran-Contra scandal in 1986 which led to the resignation of White House Chief of Staff Donald Regan, Baker returned to government service as White House Chief of Staff, 1987–8.

Baker was one of the most prominent of the Republican politicians in the South in the post-Civil Rights era. He was a pragmatist who was willing to compromise in order to produce results. As an intelligent moderate, however, he became disenchanted with the new breed of conservative Republicans of the 1970s and 1980s who became increasingly dominant in the Republican Party.

Subjects: Politics.


Reference entries

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.