Show Summary Details

Quick Reference

Gratuity given for services; not payment. Not, as commonly mistranslated, “bribe.” Derived from Persian root meaning “to give.” Used in Persian, Turkish, Arabic, and South Asian Muslim languages to mean a gift given by a superior to an inferior, including, in Sufism, God's gifts to His worshipers.

Subjects: Islam.

Reference entries

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.