James Mark Baldwin was born on 12 January 1861 in Columbia, South Carolina, and died on 9 November 1934 in Paris, France. He was the son of Cyrus Hull Baldwin, businessman and occasional federal official, and Lydia Eunice Ford. After attending a series of private elementary schools and spending two years as a clerk in Columbia, Baldwin traveled north in 1878 to enter the Salem (New Jersey) Collegiate Institute, a private preparatory school. Three years later, in 1881, he enrolled as a sophomore at Princeton. Baldwin's collegiate coursework was focused on language and philosophy. Under the influence of James McCosh, he was introduced to both Scottish mental philosophy and the new experimental psychology of Wilhelm Wundt. The contradictions inherent in this juxtaposition provided the telos for much of his later intellectual development.
From The Dictionary of Modern American Philosophers in Oxford Reference.