This Chinese ballad—probably sung first in the eleventh century and written down in the twelfth—was of the zhukongdiao type. That is, it was composed of alternate sections of poetry and prose. The subject of the hero of The Hidden Dragon is Liu Zhiyuan during the years before he became Emperor in 947 ce. In the ballad, the trials of the hidden dragon (that is, the future emperor) are narrated. After many years of exile and separation from his betrothed, Liu Zhiyuan is reconciled with all those who have harmed him.