French company founded in 1948 by Roland Petit after his departure from the Ballets des Champs-Elysées. The first performance was at the Théâtre Marigny in Paris on 21 May 1948 with Charrat, Jeanmaire, Marchand, Petit, Skouratoff, Perrault, and Hamilton, with Fonteyn as a guest artist. Early repertoire included some of Petit's most important works: Les Demoiselles de la nuit (staged for Fonteyn in 1948), Carmen (1949), and La Croqueuse de diamants (1950). Guest choreographers included Charrat and Dollar. The company was officially disbanded in 1950 but Petit continued to revive it on an ad hoc basis throughout the 1950s and 1960s. For its 1953 Paris season Petit created Le Loup, Deuil en 24 heures, Cine-Bijou, and Lady in the Ice (with a libretto by Orson Welles). Later Petit works included Cyrano de Bergerac (1959) with Jeanmaire, Beaumont, Petit, Reich, and Ferran. The company's final appearance was on 9 Mar. 1966 at the Théâtre des Champs-Elysées.