Company founded in 1933 by the German choreographer Kurt Jooss. Forced to flee Nazi Germany, Jooss and members of the former Folkwang Tanzbühne Essen emigrated to England where they were offered a home first at Dartington Hall in Devon and then at the Jooss-Leeder school in Cambridge. The company toured extensively and during the Second World War performed for Britain's ENSA cultural programme. Jooss returned to Germany in 1949 and reorganized his company as Folkwang Tanztheater. It disbanded in 1953, after performing at Sadler's Wells Theatre in London. In the 1960s it was revived again as the Folkwang Ballett Essen. The most famous work in the repertory was always Jooss's The Green Table (1932), although The Big City (1932), Ball in Old Vienna (1932), The Prodigal Son (1933), Ballade (1935), Pandora (1944), and Dithyrambus (1948) were also signficant.