(c.1503–1570), Scottish Protestant reformer and theologian. Balnaves was educated at Saint Salvatore's College (Saint Andrews, Scotland) and seems to have received an M.A. at Cologne. After study there he returned to Scotland and served the earl of Arran, regent for Mary Stuart (daughter of the late James V). Balnaves became a prominent Protestant during the time when Arran encouraged the evangelical reformers. When the regent returned to Catholicism and persecution of Protestants began, Balnaves joined militants who killed Cardinal David Beaton in reprisal for that prelate's execution of George Wishart, a friend of John Knox, who had brought the Helvetic Confession from the Continent. Although Balnaves was not one of the assassins, he suffered imprisonment with them from 1547 to 1550 at Rouen, France.
From The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700).