(b Vienna, 1902; d NY, 1987).
Austrian‐born conductor and teacher. Cond. opera in Danzig, Darmstadt, and Russia 1924–31, before settling in USA in 1937. Mus. dir., spring fest., Columbia, S.Car., 1942–50. Cond. Montreal Chamber Concerts 1950–2. Founder‐cond. Mannes Coll. Orch. 1938–75. Author of The Conductor's Art (1965).