Eng. wire‐str. mus. instr. similar to lute invented by John Rose of Bridewell in 1561. A bass instr. with sonorous quality of sound, it was used to acc. the v. by such composers as J. Mundy and Peerson and works for solo bandora survive. Orig. had 6 courses but a 7th was added in 17th cent. Name possibly derived from Sp. bandurria.