bank barrow

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A distinctive class of Neolithic ceremonial monument found in parts of the British Isles, especially England and southern Scotland. Generally over 150 m long, bank barrows comprise narrow parallel‐sided mounds of earth and stone with a length/breadth ratio in excess of 6:1. Flanking ditches were used as quarries to obtain the material to make the mound. Few have been extensively excavated, but from surface surveys and limited investigations it seems that some were built by extending earlier long barrows while others developed as the episodic enlargement of a simple mound. They date mainly to the early 3rd millennium bc, in some cases post‐dating the abandonment of causewayed enclosures. Some are closely associated with cursus monuments. Also known as long mounds.

Subjects: Archaeology.

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