Overview

Ehud Barak

(b. 1942) Israeli Labour statesman


Related Overviews

Binyamin Netanyahu (b. 1949)

Yitzhak Rabin (1922—1995) Israeli statesman and military leader, Prime Minister 1974–7 and 1992–5.

Shimon Peres (b. 1923) Polish-born Israeli statesman, Prime Minister 1984–6 and 1995–6; President since 2007

Entebbe raid

See all related overviews in Oxford Index » »

 

More Like This

Show all results sharing this subject:

  • Contemporary History (Post 1945)

GO

Show Summary Details

Quick Reference

(b. 12 Feb. 1942).

Prime Minister of Israel, 1999–2001 Born in Mishmar Hasharon of Polish immigrants, he joined the military in 1959 and advanced quickly through the ranks of the army. In 1972 he made the headlines through his daring and successful storming of a Belgian airliner in Tel Aviv after it had been hijacked by the PLO. Further such commands followed, including the risky Entebbe raid. He advanced to the military command in the 1980s, and became chief of military intelligence. He left the military in 1995, and became Minister of the Interior under Rabin. A few months later he succeeded Peres as Foreign Minister. One year later, following Netanyahu's election victory which was seen as a defeat of the old guard of the Labour Party, he was elected leader of the opposition.

As Israel's most‐decorated general, the electorate entrusted him with negotiating peace with Arafat in the 1999 elections, when he defeated Netanyahu decisively in 1999. His government, however, enjoyed only a very uncertain majority in parliament. He withdrew the army from southern Lebanon after almost twenty years of occupation. He also rekindled the Wye accord, and resumed negotiations with the Palestinians. However, growing violence by Hamas in the Intifadah led many Israelis to question his judgement. After a series of defections from his government he called new elections, which he lost to Sharon. Barak was subsequently sidelined in the party. In coalition with Olmert's Kadima, Labour shared responsibility for the disastrous war against Hezbollah in 2006. In 2007, Barak won the elections for the party leadership against the Defence Minister in that war, Amir Peretz. Barak thus returned to government, as Defence Minister and Deputy Prime Minister.

Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).


Reference entries

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.