founder of the ‘Bereans’ (q.v.) or ‘Barclayites’. While he was assistant to A. Dow, the Presbyterian minister at Fettercairn in Scotland, Barclay published Rejoice Evermore (1766), in which he expounded a doctrine of immediate Divine Revelation. He was censured by the Presbytery and not appointed to succeed Dow on his death in 1772. At Edinburgh in 1773 he constituted a new Church, known as the Berean Assembly, from its zeal for the study of the Bible (cf. Acts 17: 10 f.).