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A former name (also Barbary States) for the [Saracen] countries of North and NW Africa, together with Moorish Spain. The area was noted between the 16th and 18th centuries as a haunt of pirates.

Barbary Coast a former nickname for a district of San Francisco (the tenderloin) regarded as a centre for vice and corruption. The original Barbary Coast was the Mediterranean coast of North Africa from Morocco to Egypt, taken as the home of the corsairs and a source of violence and danger.

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