William Barron

(1805—1891) landscape gardener

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(1805–91), English gardener and garden designer. He became gardener to the Earl of Harrington at Elvaston Castle in 1830, where he created a garden divided into compartments by hedges, each centred on a different style or feature. In order to make a garden that was instantly mature, he became his period's greatest expert at the transplanting of mature trees. On the Earl's death in 1851, the garden at Elvaston was opened to the public, and immediately created a fashion for architectural topiary in England. Barron established a nursery firm that lasted into the 20th century, both designing gardens and transplanting trees. His greatest notoriety in transplanting was achieved in 1880, when he moved the 800-year-old Buckland yew to the further end of the churchyard. In 1852 he published a book on his techniques, The British Winter Garden; one of his transplanting machines is preserved at Kew. As a landscape designer his most famous commissions in his later years were Locke Park, Barnsley, and Abbey Park, Leicester.

From The Oxford Companion to the Garden in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Lifestyle, Home, and Garden.

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