(1892–1963). Poet, novelist, and artist. Born in Ancona, he studied art in Siena and Rome before service in World War I, after which he became a schoolteacher. He wrote extensively against contemporary intellectualism, especially that of the hermetic poets, but he also quarrelled with the Fascist regime, and was sentenced to a period of confino [see exile]. His own poetry has a vigorous, popular style. His novel, Ladri di biciclette (1946), was used as the basis for the famous film by De Sica, with script by Zavattini. As an artist he is best known for his etchings.
From The Oxford Companion to Italian Literature in Oxford Reference.