(b Colmar, Alsace, 2 Apr. 1834; d Paris, 4 Oct. 1904).
French sculptor. His accomplished academic style and ability to handle large projects won him numerous official commissions and he is remembered mainly for two enormous public works. The first is the Lion of Belfort (1875–80), carved into sandstone blocks below the fort overlooking Belfort in Franche-Comté, to commemorate the town's heroic defence in the Franco-Prussian War. Even bigger and now far more famous is Bartholdi's second great work, Liberty Enlightening the World (the Statue of Liberty) in New York Harbor, which was presented by France to the USA to commemorate the alliance between the two countries during the American Revolution. Made of copper sheets riveted around an iron framework designed by the engineer Gustave Eiffel, the figure was constructed in 1875–84, dismantled for shipping across the Atlantic, then reassembled and dedicated in 1886.