Basketmaker Tradition

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Late Archaic and Post‐Archaic sedentary communities living in southwestern parts of North America between c.1000 bc and ad 750. Identified in the late 19th century and codified into three main phases by Alfred Kidder in 1927, it is now recognized that much of what was formerly classified as Basketmaker Tradition is more comfortably seen as belonging to more clearly identified traditions and cultures. Basketmaker Phase I, dated to c.1000–1 bc, is essentially the same as the Archaic; Phase II, c.ad 1–450, is the same as the Desert Archaic and represents the beginning of a long‐lived cultural tradition on the Colorado Plateau which is referred to as the Anasazi, from the Navajo word for ‘ancient alien ones’. Basketmaker Phase III, c.ad 450–750, equates to a developed phase of Anasazi, when beans were added to the diet and there was a greater commitment to agriculture.

Subjects: Archaeology.

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