Nikolai Gennadievich Basov


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(1922–2001) Russian physicist

best known for the development of the maser, the precursor of the laser. In 1955, while working as a research student with Aleksandr Prokhorov (1916–2000) at the Soviet Academy of Sciences, he devised a microwave amplifier based on ammonia molecules. The two scientists shared the 1964 Nobel Prize with American Charles Townes (1915–  ), who independently developed a maser.

Subjects: Physics.

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