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Charles Francis Bastable (1855—1945) economist


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Spiritual expansion. A profound involuntary spiritual state that overtakes a spiritual seeker, as a result of which he or she feels the divine presence directly. Described by Sufis as a state when the veils between them and God are lifted. Taken as a sign of God's mercy, pleasure, and acceptance. Accompanied by a sense of joy, exaltation, hope, and compassion. Opposite state is qabd (contraction). The terminology is based on a Quranic verse: “God contracts and He expands, and to Him you shall return” (2:245).

See also Qabd; Sufism

Subjects: Islam.

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