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A type of defended farmhouse dating to the 16th and 17th centuries found in northern England and southern Scotland. Bastles are generally two‐storeyed buildings, roughly constructed, with the main living area on the first floor and storerooms and animal shelters below. The thick walls, small doorways, and narrow slit‐windows provided a measure of defence in time of trouble along the English–Scottish borders. Also known as peel houses.

Subjects: History — Archaeology.

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