William Baumgarten


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Christian Herter (1839—1883)


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(b 1845; d 1908). American interior decorator and founder of the first tapestry factory in the USA. He worked for Herter Brothers (see Christian Herter) on the decoration of a series of grand houses, notably William H. Vanderbilt's house on Fifth Avenue, New York, and William Welsh Harrison's Grey Towers Castle (now part of Arcadia University) in Philadelphia. When the Vanderbilt house was completed in 1882, Christian Herter returned to Germany and Baumgarten took over the company. In 1891 he started his own company, William Baumgarten and Company, Inc., and in 1893 complemented his interior decoration business with a tapestry factory in his Fifth Avenue premises. He recruited weavers and dyers from the Royal Windsor Tapestry Manufactory (which had closed in 1890), including five weavers from the Foussadier family. The factory's tapestries include one at Grey Towers (1898).

From The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design.

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