Art writer, curator, and museum director. An early advocate of American art, at a time when scholarly and critical opinion still undervalued native achievement, John Ireland Howe Baur was born in Woodbridge, Connecticut, and educated at Yale University. He graduated with a degree in English in 1932 and two years later received his MA in art history. Afterward, except for U.S. Army service in 1944–45, he worked at the Brooklyn Museum until 1952 and then at the Whitney Museum of American Art, where he was named director in 1968. He retired in 1974 but remained professionally active. At the time of his death in a New York hospital, he made his home in Katonah, New York. Many of Baur's numerous books incorporating groundbreaking research served also as catalogues of exhibitions he organized. His most important publications include Revolution and Tradition in Modern American Art (1951), Nature in Abstraction (1958), and monographs on Eastman Johnson (1942), John Quidor (1942), Theodore Robinson (1946), Loren MacIver and I. Rice Pereira (1953), Bradley Walker Tomlin (1957), William Zorach (1958), Philip Evergood (1960), Joseph Stella (1971), and Charles Burchfield (1982). Working from the artist's manuscript, he edited The Autobiography of Worthington Whittredge, which first appeared in book form in 1969.