(b Aub, nr Ochsenfurt, 15 Nov 1838; d Munich, 18 Nov 1903). German bass. He studied in Munich, making his début there in 1854 at the Hofoper, where he was engaged for 46 years. A fine actor, equally gifted for comic and serious opera, he was a true bass with a wide repertory ranging from W. A. Mozart's Figaro and Leporello and Gioachino Rossini's Don Basilio to Caspar (Der Freischütz) and the three Wagner roles that he created: Pogner in Die Meistersinger (1868), Fafner in Das Rheingold (1869) and Hunding in Die Walküre (1870). He retired in 1900 after a farewell performance as Lord Cockburn in Fra Diavolo.
From The Grove Book of Opera Singers in Oxford Reference.