(d. probably 1286, perhaps as late as 1316)
Shafii jurist, Ashari theologian. Educated in Baghdad, lived in Shiraz. Most famous for a concise commentary on the Quran with a special focus on grammar and variant readings, Anwar al-tanzil wa-asrar al-tawil (The lights of revelation and the secrets of interpretation), based on the earlier work of al-Zamakhshari (d. 1144), Al-kashshaf (The unveiling). This work became standard in the Muslim world, receiving many supercommentaries and commonly being studied in madrasa courses on Quranic interpretation, and was one of the first Quran commentaries published in Europe (1846–48). Baydawi also wrote works on history, jurisprudence, grammar, and theology.