An activity promoted by the physical education initiatives of the government of the People's Republic of China during the early years of Communist rule, when a national priority of national defence stimulated physical education and fitness programmes. As Allen Guttmann notes: ‘Young Chinese were trained and tested in conventional track-and-field sports. They also acquired proficiency in firing rifles and in charging with bayonets’ (Sports: The First Five Millennia, 2004). The Chinese authorities also embraced parachute jumping and drills within its definition of sports, and even generated a national champion for throwing hand-grenades. These, albeit extreme, cases highlight sport's potential to frame and underpin strategies of military preparedness. See also communism, sport in.
Subjects: Sport and Leisure.