Egyptian successor to the Badawi tariqah (Sufi order). Departed from the spirit of the Khalwati tariqah, which emphasized individualism, strict training of dervishes, and reverence for a powerful leader. Founded by hadith scholar Ali ibn al-Hijazi al-Bayyumi (d. 1769), a student of Abd al-Rahman al-Halabi and a member of the branch of the revivalist Khalwati order. Linked to butchers' guild. Championed rights of poor. Popular order that served as a religious counterculture, defending the lower classes from the conservatism of establishment ulama.