Regional symphony orchestra based in Manchester which adopted this name in 1983 having previously been BBC Northern SO. Developed from Northern Wireless Orchestra, founded 1931, and re‐named BBC Northern Orch. 1934. Chief conds. have incl. Charles Groves (1944–51); John Hopkins (1952–7); George Hurst (1958–68); Bryden Thomson (1968–73); Raymond Leppard (1973–80); Edward Downes (1980–91); Yan Pascal Tortelier 1991–2002, Gianandrea Noseda from 2002.