A French anatomist and herbalist, who, in 1582, was appointed professor of Greek, and in 1588 of anatomy and botany at Basle; eventually he became rector of the university and dean of his faculty. He wrote Pinax theatri botanici (1623), which is a concordance to earlier nomenclature (still used as such) and an attempt at a formal system of botanical classification. He also completed 3 of the 12 parts he had planned of Theatrum botanicum, although only one part was published, in 1658. His son, Jean Gaspard Bauhin (1606–85) also became professor of botany at Basle. Bauhinia is named after the Bauhin family.
Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry.