Command of the Channel was of critical importance in 1690, when William III and James II struggled for control of Ireland and the French threatened to invade England as a diversion. In June, de Tourville put to sea with a French fleet of 78 vessels. Torrington, commanding the joint Anglo‐Dutch fleet, was apprehensive. On 29 June the brunt of the action fell upon the Dutch, who lost six ships. Torrington withdrew to the safety of the Thames estuary. He was court‐martialled, but acquitted.
Subjects: Maritime History — British History.