French painter, sculptor, graphic artist, and designer. He was born at Mennecy, Seine-et-Oise, and studied at the École des Arts Décoratifs, Paris, 1911–14. The most important event in his artistic development was his meeting in 1922 with Juan Gris, who introduced him to Cubism. Combining this with something of Matisse's decorative use of colour, he evolved a poetic style characterized by limpid colours and clearly patterned structures. He often painted in series, returning again and again to the same theme (Horses, Rivers, Villas, The Bicycle) until he felt he had exhausted it. In 1930 he took up sculpture, using block-like Cubistic forms, and he also made designs for tapestry.
From A Dictionary of Modern and Contemporary Art in Oxford Reference.