William Beaumont


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(1785–1853), physician and scientist, the first American physiologist to achieve international renown. A native of Lebanon, Connecticut, Beaumont earned a license to practice medicine in 1812 after an apprenticeship with a physician in northern Vermont. From 1812 to 1839, Beaumont mostly served in the medical department of the United States Army: on the Canadian border during the War of 1812 and at various frontier posts in the Great Lakes region during the 1820s and 1830s. After his retirement from the army, Beaumont established a successful private practice in St. Louis, Missouri, where he lived until his death.


From The Oxford Companion to United States History in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: United States History.

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