Lord Beaverbrook

(1879—1964) newspaper proprietor and politician

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(b. 25 May 1879, d. 9 June 1964).

Conservative politician Born in Maple, Ontario (Canada), Max Aitken was elected as a Unionist MP in 1910, shortly after his arrival in the UK, and was effective in the two world wars as Minister of Information in 1918, and especially as Minister of Aircraft Production in 1940. He is best known for his newspaper empire, including the Express and Evening Standard newspapers which gained record circulation. He used these to exercise political influence, for example through the promotion of Empire Free Trade (1929–31), a system of trade giving preferential treatment to goods coming to Britain from the Empire. Beaverbrook's real, rather than perceived, influence is questionable. He failed to prevent the fall of Lloyd George, and his constant and fierce opposition to Baldwin did not stop the latter from being undisputed Conservative leader for fourteen years.

Subjects: History — Social Sciences.

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