(b Muncie, Ind., 1921; d New York, 2010).
Amer. composer and conductor. Taught at Columbia Univ. Taught at Juilliard Sch. 1961–3. MacDowell prof. of mus., Columbia Univ. 1965–88 (chairman of mus. dept., 1969–72). Works incl. operas (incl. Jonah (1948–50), Lizzie Borden (1965), Cyrano (1990), Sorry, Wrong Number (1996), and Practice in the Art of Elocution (1998); orch. works incl. a sym. (1959); The Daring Young Man on the Flying Trapeze, ten., ens. (1999); Ophelia Sings, mez., ens. (2000); A Rupert Brooke Cycle, bar./bass, pf. (2002); Summer Rounds and Canons, unacc. ch. (2002); choral and vocal works; chamber mus.; and pf. and org. pieces.